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tā nǚ ér jīn nián èr shí suì
她女儿今年二十岁
Her daughter is 20 years old this year

 在学校 In the school

nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén?

A: 你家有几口人?

How many people are there in your family?

 

wǒ jiā yǒu sān kǒu rén.

B: 我家有三口人。

There are three.

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在办公室 In the office

nǐ nǚ ér jǐ suì le?

A: 你女儿几岁了?

How old is your daugther?

 

tā jīn nián sì suì le.

B: 她今年四岁了。

She is four years old.

在办公室 In the office

lǐ lǎo shī duō dà le?

A: 李老师多大了?

How old is Professor Li?

 

tā jīn nián wǔ shí suì le.

B: 她今年50岁了。

She is 50 years old.

 

tā nǚ ér ne?

A: 她女儿呢?

What about her daugther?

 

tā nǚ ér jīn nián èr shí suì.

B: 她女儿今年20岁。

Her daugther is 20.

儿化的发音 The Retroflex Final 汉语中的“儿”可以和前面的音节结合成为一个音节。变成“儿化音”。汉字书写时表示为“汉字—+儿”,拼音书写时在该汉字的拼音后加“r”。例如: “儿(ér)” can be combined with a syllable before it, forming a retroflex syllable, which is written as "character + 儿" and spelt "syllable + r" in pinyin. For example

xiǎoháir xiǎoniǎor fànguǎnr xiāngshuǐr
小孩儿 小鸟儿 饭馆儿 香水儿

发音辨析:以 i、u、ü开头的韵母

Differentiation: pronunciation of finals beginning with i,u,ü

听录音并跟读,注意有 i、无 i 时发音的区别

Listen to the recording and read after it. Pay attention to the differences between the pronunciations of the finals with and withou i.

a ia e ie
ao iao ou iou(iu)
an ian ang iang
ong iong    

听录音并跟读,注意有 u、无 u 时发音的区别

Listen to the recording and read after it. Pay attention to the differences between the pronunciations of the finals with and withou u.

a ua ai uai
ei uei(ui) an uan
en uen(un) ang uang
eng ueng    

听录音并跟读,注意有 ü、无 ü 时发音的区别

Listen to the recording and read after it. Pay attention to the differences between the pronunciations of the finals with and withou ü.

e üe an üan
en ün    

 

声母送气音和不送气音发音的区别
Difference between Aspirated and Unaspirated Initials
汉语声母的发音有送气和不送气的区别,b-p,d-t,g-k,j-q,z-c,zh-ch,以上各组声母中前一个是不送气音,后一个音是送气音。
There are aspirated and unaspirated initials in Chinese, such as b-p, d-t, g-k, j-q, z-c and zh-ch, among which the first one in each pair is unaspirated and the second one is aspirated


听录音并跟读,注意送气音和不送气音发音的区别
Listen to the recording and read after it. Pay attention to the differences between aspirated and unaspirated initials.

b p d t
g k j q
z c zh ch

听录音并跟读,注意声母发音的区别

Listen to the recording and read after it. Pay attention to the differences between the initials.

bàng pàng
gǒu kǒu
zhuō chē

拼音规则(4):隔音符号
Rules of Pinyin(4): syllable-dividing mark
a、o、e 开头的音节连接在其它音节后面时,为了避免音节的界限发生混淆,用隔音符号(‘)隔开,例如pí’ǎo(皮袄)
When a syllable beginning with a, o or e follows another syllable, the syllable-dividing mark(’) is used to separate the two syllables, for example, pí’ǎo(皮袄, fur-lined jacket).

听录音并跟读,注意有无隔音符号的不同
Listen to the recording and read after it. Pay attention to the differences between the words with and without the syllable-dividing mark.

piāo pí’ǎo xiān xī‘ān
to float fur-lined jacket earlier, before City of Xi‘an
jiē jī‘è jiāng jī’áng
to receive hungry will, shall excited adn impassioned
fānàn fān’àn fǎngǎn fāng’àn
to launch an attack to reverse a verdict to loathe work plan

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